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Psilocybin is a naturally occurring psychedelic substance which can be found in more than 200 species of fungi. The most well-known in this category is the Psilocybe Cubensis, albeit mostly under the alias of the magic mushroom.

Please note that a mushroom is merely the fruiting body of a network of hidden, filamentous structures which we call mycelium. These are fine, hairlike structures spread across vast areas and can act as one single organism. They are so crucial to our entire ecosystem that it wouldn’t be an exaggeration to say that without mycelium, none of us would exist. 

Chemical structure of serotonin and psilocybin

How does Psilocybin work?

After ingestion, Psilocybin is metabolised by our bodies into Psilocin, which is responsible for inducing the psychedelic state. Its molecular structure fits remarkably well in one specific serotonin receptor (5HT2A) – quite similar to a key in a lock. 

A number of studies have conclusively shown that 5HT2 stimulation improves our general wellbeing. It can also induce neuroplasticity, which can open a window for change, growth and transformation.

What is serotonin? 

Serotonin, like dopamine, is a neurotransmitter. It’s sometimes referred to as the “happiness” or “feel good” molecule. Serotonin practically controls all human behavioural processes and plays an essential role in our Central Nervous System.

What is neuroplasticity?

Think of the brain like a forest with countless pathways. These pathways are created by the thoughts and habits we have and repeat. The more we repeat a particular habit or thought, its pathway gets ingrained deeper in the mind. The longer, the stronger, sometimes to a point where we think there’s no other option or different route to take.

Neuroplasticity is the brain’s ability to make new connections. New connections can mean new insights, ideas and perspectives. Psychedelics can create a window of time where there is an opportunity to rearrange or reroute some of your old pathways. This enables you to replace habits and thought patterns that are no longer beneficial to you.